Early in the second period the lead had reached

## ## Leicester Riders on verge of retaining their BBL Championship title

Eric Robertson for Leicester Riders in the game against Manchester Giants Sign up to FREE email alerts from LeicestershireLive DailySubscribeWhen you subscribe we will use the information you provide to send you these newsletters. Sometimes they’ll include recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer. OurPrivacy Noticeexplains more about how we use your data, and your rights. You can unsubscribe at any time.Thank you for subscribingWe have more newslettersShow meSee ourprivacy noticeLeicester Riders are just one win away from retaining the BBL Championship after comfortably defeating Manchester Giants.The 2018 BBL Championship could be decided on Sunday if Riders defeat Plymouth Raiders and seal a third straight league title.It could come less than 24 hours after Riders defeated Giants 103 62 on Saturday night.Despite being without three frontline players, Riders made light work of Giants to claim a 24th victory over the league campaign.With Shane Walker and Andrew Thomson both in Australia with England and JR Holder in America following the birth of his daughter this week, Riders could easily have looked a little light on scoring options.Early in the second period the lead had reached double figures on a TrayVonn Wright triple and Kiefer Douse and Rema Lascelles helped Leicester to another ten without reply to lead 40 20 after only 15 minutes.The 100 was brought up by youngster Max Richardson with two minutes to play as Riders bounced back from defeat at London last weekend to put themselves on the edge of the league title.Hampton led the way with a perfect 10 from 10 shooting performance for his 23 points, whilst Douse added 22.allMost ReadMost RecentLeicester City FCNew Leicester City training ground drone footage shows 100m complex taking shapeWork has continued at the 185 acre site in Seagrave during the pandemic, with the Leicester City squad scheduled to move into the new facility ahead of next seasonLeicester City’s potential Champions League campaign given start dateLeicester City FCUefa president Aleksander Ceferin has been discussing next season’s Champions League campaign, which Brendan Rodgers’ third placed side are on course to qualify for

All of the others are “calls

Learn All About Bird Songs Calls in this Article

Learned vocal expression is acquired by humans, dolphins, bats, elephants and sea lions among mammals; and in song birds like the zebra finches, canaries, crows, parrots and hummingbirds among the bird groups.

Recently scientists are doing more research in sound, communication and song because the behavioral methods of voice learning from humans who produce speech, and birds who emit song, are thought to be similar. The goal is to learn more about the functional role of dopamine in human speech. It may provide clues into diseases such as Parkinson’s, stuttering, Alzheimer’s and conditions such as stroke.

Birds of different species and types have many distinct vocalizations just as people from various parts of the world have their own language. All of the others are “calls.” A call experts say, is typically shorter, not so loud, and used by both female and males during feeding, flocking, warning of predators, and, well, the bird duties of daily life.

So how do birds learn a song, what do they mean with their songs, and what is a song center? We will better explore that here.

There have been some interesting experiments to unlock some secrets to a bird’s brain. Researchers say that when a male bird serenades a female with the intention of wooing her, the female bird’s brain undergoes important changes her dopamine receptors are triggered this is an area that provides feelings of reward and pleasure. And one other nice coincidence, that when humans hear bird song, they also respond favorably. And research is very hot to find out how neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, modulate speech and song production.

Biologists have gone a step further in uncovering additional bird brain questions: for example, they have found out that a species called zebra finch that were reared in isolation can still create a song very similar to their cousins in the wild. Pig frogs grunt, a black crowned night heron quarks overhead, a green heron offers a soft skeow along with a blue heron who trumpets, creating duets in the distance. It seems as if there is a symphony of life when the barred owls hoot who who who who who alll and then the caterwauling with others among the mangroves and pond apples begin.

A pair of Anhinga birds sits incubating hatching eggs and the handsome couple creates a duet as well. The two erupt into a clicking and chattering chitter chitter chitter chee cheer chitter, rising and falling tones, repeating with their necks arched, bills open and heads swaying like two Bollywood dancers. Similar to sheets of music these visual images help identify certain characteristics. Like human music they are read from left to right and the frequency or pitch is on vertical lines. Instead of a scale of octaves and notes as in human music, the actual frequency is labeled in cycles per second also called hertz named after a German physicist who developed that system. And if the lines are extra black, that indicates loudness.

## ## Two Voice Boxes

Some birds like the thrushes Hermit Thrush, Wood Thrush and Swainson’s Thrush have two voice boxes called the syrinx (a Greek word pronounced SEER inks).

The sonogram has clearly revealed surprises such as how a bird uses his two voice boxes to produce two different sounds at the same time, sounds that are not harmonically related and therefore cannot be produced by one voice box alone, but that blend harmoniously. An American robin for example, sings entirely different phrases above and below 5,000 hertz. There is truly no way to know though, if he is using his two voices successively or alternating between the two.

Birds have rhythm too as their song leaps through frequency and time.

Songs and calling are used for:Sharing songs with other similar species

Alerting to danger

Attracting a female

Babbling and practice calling

Innate or Taught?

A hungry begging baby such as the cedar waxwing is going to be loud and frantic and his sounds are going to be innate a way to communicate after it emerges from the egg. At about two weeks of age the youngster of a typical songbird species begins to memorize sounds from adults. This bird however, lacks true songs and after about three or four weeks the young birds begin to practice their seven trill like calls. Experts think there are innate trills that are somehow deeply encoded into their DNA. Tonal sounds like seeee notes will come later.

Among song birds, ample evidence shows that birds can hear differences in songs and have remarkable memories and recognize more songs then they actually sing.

Create your website at WordPress.com
Get started